Prediktor Kualitas Hidup pada Musisi

  • Retha Arjadi Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
  • Christ Billy Aryanto Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
  • Vanessa Arieputri Fakultas Psikologi, Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya
Keywords: Musicians, Performer, Quality of Life


Musical activities carried out by musicians can bring benefits but can also cause discomfort to the
extent of causing mental health problems. This condition in general can be reflected through the
quality of life of the musicians. The participants of this study were 70 musicians with the age
range of 18-47 years old (Mean=27.94, SD=6.73), and was obtained through accidental sampling.
This study aims to examine the predictor role of sex, age, music playing duration, music education
duration, and length of practice per day, on the quality of life of the musicians. Multiple regression
analysis showed significant results (R2=0.185, F(5,64)=2.907, p<0.05). Predictors that
specifically significant predicting the quality of life of the musicians are sex, age, and music
education duration. Male musicians were reported having a higher quality of life (Mean=89.97,
SD=12.60) than the female musicians (Mean=83.97, SD=8.48). The higher the musicians' ages
and education duration also predict the higher quality of life. The limitations of this research and
recommendations for further research development are discussed in the discussion part.


Ascenso, S., Williamon, A., & Perkins, R. (2017). Understanding the wellbeing of professional musicians through the lens of Positive Psychology. Psychology of Music, 45(1), 65-81. DOI: 10.1177/0305735616646864.

Clift, S. & Hancox, G. (2001). The perceived benefits of singing: findings from preliminary surveys of a university college choral society. The Journal of The Royal Society for the Promotion of Health, 121(4), 248-256. DOI: 10.1177/146642400112100409.

Gross, S.A. & Musgrave, G. (2017). Can music make you sick?. London: Music Tank Publishing.

Kaspersen, M. & Gotestam, K.G. (2002). A survey of music performance anxiety among Norwegian music students. European Journal of Psychiatry, 16(2), 69-80.

Kenny, D. T., & Ackermann, B. J. (2016). Optimizing physical and psychological health in performing musician. In S. Hallam, I. Cross, & M. Thaut (Eds.), The oxford handbook of music psychology (2nd ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kenny, D. Driscoll, T. & Ackermann, B. (2014). Psychological well-being in professional orchestral musicians in Australia: A descriptive population study. Psychology of Music, 42(2), 210–232. DOI: 10.1177/0305735612463950.

MacDonald, R., Kreutz, G., & Mitchell, L. (2012). What is Music, Health, and Wellbeing and Why is it Important?. In R. MacDonald, G. Kreutz., & L. Mitchell (Eds.). Music, Health, and Wellbeing. United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.

Moss, H., Lynch, J., & O’Donoghue, J. (2018). Exploring the perceived health benefits of singing in a choir: an international cross-sectional mixed-methods study. Perspectives in Public Health, 138(3), 160-168. DOI: 10.1177/1757913917739652.

Philippe, R.A., Kosirnik, C., Vuichoud, N., Williamon, A. & von Roten, F.C. (2019). Understanding wellbeing among college music students and amateur musicians in Western Switzerland. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(820). DOI: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00820.

Ruud, E. (1997). Music and the quality of life. Nordic Journal of Music Therapy, 6(2), 86-97.

Skevington, S.M., Lotfy, M., O’Connell, K.A. (2004). The World Health Organization's WHOQOL-BREF quality of life assessment: Psychometric properties and results of the international field trial. A Report from the WHOQOL Group. Quality of Life Research, 13, 299-310. DOI: 10.1023/B:QURE.0000018486.91360.00.

World Health Organization. Division of Mental Health. (‎1996)‎. WHOQOL-BREF : introduction, administration, scoring and generic version of the assessment: field trial version, December 1996. World Health Organization.
Abstract viewed = 0 times
PDF downloaded = 0 times