Kondisi Stres dan Strategi Coping Stress pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe II yang Bekerja di Jakarta

  • Sekar Ayu Widyaningrum
  • Mohammad Adi Ganjar Priadi Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia
Keywords: stress, coping stres, diabetes melitus tipe II, emotion-focused coping, problem-focused coping


Diabetes melitus type 2 is one of the non contagious chronic disease that the number of it patient continue to rise over the time in Indonesia.  Fundamentally, this disease cannot be healed but could be managed to prevent complications. Patient with diabetes melitus type 2 frequently got limitations in their work such as discrimination at their workplace, risk of decreased productivity, and increased absence on their treatment. Those things are affecting to the most of the patient that have more than 45 years of age and they are on the top of their career. This research has an objective to get an overview of stress and their strategy of cope with it because stress has a major impact to their health condition. This research use qualitative approach with the purposive sampling. The characteristics of this research are patient with diabetes melitus type 2 disease, has 41 to 60 years of age who has done the self-care, and work in Jakarta. Result shows that participants suffer stress from the treatment of the disease although their performance productivity does not decrease. Participants use the strategy of combining problem focused coping mostly planful problem solving type and emotion focused coping such as seeking social support to manage their stress level. 




Bauer, M. E., Jeckel, C., M., M., & Luz, C. (2008). The Role of Stress Factors during Aging
of the Immune System. Neuroimmunomodulation, Des 15. p 14.
Cavallerano, J (Ed.). (2011). Optometric Clinical Practice Guideline Care of the Patients with Diabetes melitus. USA: American Optometric Association.
Creswell, J., W. (2012). Educational Research; Planning, Conducting and Evaluating Quantitative and Qualitative Research. USA: Pearson.
Falco, G., Pirro, P. S., Castellano, E., Anfossi, M., Boretta, G., & Gianotti, L.
(2015). The Relationship Between Stress and Diabetes melitus. Journal of
Neurology and Psychology, 3(1), 1-7.
Hilliard, M. E., Yi-Frazier, J. P., Hessler, D., Butler, A. M., Anderson, B. J., & Jaser, S. (2016). Stress and A1c Among People with Diabetes Across the Lifespan. Current Diabetes Reports, 16(8). Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1007/s11892-016-0761-3
Kalra, S., Jena, B. N., & Yeravdekar, R. (2018). Emotional and Psychological
Needs of People with Diabetes. Indian Journal of Endocrinology and
Metabolism, 22(5), 697-703.
Kaur, H., & Kochar, R. (2017). Stress and Diabetes melitus. International Journal
of Health Sciences and Research, 7(7), 265-272.
Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2018). Cegah, Cegah dan Cegah:
Suara Dunia Perangi Diabetes. Jakarta. Retrieved from
Piper, M. (2021). The Cities with The Highest Burnout. SavvySleeper. Retrieved from
Riyadi, G. A. & Yudhistira, M. A. (2020). Pola Perilaku Komuter dan Stres: Bukti dari Jabodetabek. Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan, 13(1),185-210.
Santrock, J. W. (2013). Life-Span Development Fourteenth Edition. United States: Mc Graw Hill Education.
Stubbs, M. (2007). Empowerment in Middle-Aged People with Diabetes: The Importance of Working Relationships. Journal of Diabetes Nursing, 11(5), 190-195.
Syamsurizal. (2018). Type-2 Diabetes melitus of Degenerative Disease. Bioscience, 2(1), 34-39.
Taylor, S. E. (1991). Health Psychology. New York: Mc Graw Hill.
Taylor, S. E. (2015). Health Psychology. Los Angeles: Mc Graw Hill.
Tunceli, K., Bradley, C. J., Nerenz, D., Williams, L. K., Pladevall, M., & Lafata,
J. E. (2005). The Impact of Diabetes on Employment and Work
Productivity. American Diabetes Association, 28(11), 2662-2667.
Waspadji, S., Ranakusuma, A.B., Suyono, S., Supartondo, S., & Sukaton,
U. (1983). Diabetes mellitus in an urban population in Jakarta, Indonesia. The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine. Hal 141 Suppl:219.
Yin, R. K. (2011). Qualitative Research from Start to Finish. New York: The
Yusuf, S. (2004). Psikologi Perkembangan Anak & Remaja. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.
Abstract viewed = 0 times
PDF downloaded = 0 times